AGRICULTURE IN INDIA - COMPLETE NOTES FOR ALL EXAMS (MUST WATCH)




Types of agriculture in India
  • Subsistence Farming
  • Mixed Farming
  • Shifting Cultivation/Jhoom
  • Plantation agriculture
Soil type which influence agriculture in India are

•Alluvial soil
•Regur or Black soil
•Red soil
•Laterite soil
•Desert Soil
•Mountain soil




The major crops in India can be divided into 4 categories
•Food grains - Wheat, Maize,
•Cash Crops – Jute, Tobacco
•Plantation Crops – Tea, Coffee
•Horticulture crops -  Fruits and Vegetables.

Different cropping seasons
•Kharif
•Rabi
•Zaid


Important revolutions associated with agriculture
•Green revolution  - Food grains
•Operation flood  -   Milk
•Blue revolution  -  Fish
•Black revolution  -  crude oil
•Grey revolution  - Fertilizer
•Golden revolution  - Fruits 
•Silver revolution -  Egg/chicken

Largest producer
FOOD GRAINS

•Rice – West Bengal / China
•Wheat – Uttar Pradesh / China
•Maize – Andhra Pradesh / USA
•Jowar – Maharashtra
•Bajra - Rajasthan

CASH CROPS
•Cotton – Gujarat / China
•Jute – West Bengal / India
•Tea – Assam / China
•Rubber – Kerala / Thailand
•Sugercane  - UP/ Brazil

HORTICULTURE
Apple – Jammu & kashmir
Mango - Maharashtra

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